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Key Stage 2

Year 3 Vocabulary

  • Extending the range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions, including when, if, because, although
  • Choosing nouns or pronouns appropriately for clarity and cohesion to avoid repetition
  • Using conjunctions, adverbs and prepositions to express time and cause (and place)

Year 3 Grammar

  • Using the present perfect form of verbs in contrast to the past tense
  • Form nouns using prefixes (super-, anti-)
  • Use the correct form of ‘a’ or ‘an’
  • Word families based on common words (solve, solution, dissolve, insoluble)

Year 3 Punctuation

  • Using and punctuating direct speech (i.e. inverted commas)

Year 3 Grammatical Terminology

  • Adverb
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Word family
  • Prefix
  • Clause
  • Subordinate clause
  • Direct speech
  • Consonant
  • Consonant letter
  • Vowel
  • Vowel letter
  • Inverted commas (or ‘speech marks’)

Year 4 Vocabulary

  • Extending the range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions, including when, if, because, although
  • Choosing nouns or pronouns appropriately for clarity and cohesion to avoid repetition

Year 4 Grammar

  • Using fronted adverbials
  • Difference between plural and possessive –s
  • Standard English verb inflections (I did vs I done)
  • Extended noun phrases, including with prepositions
  • Appropriate choice of pronoun or noun to create cohesion

Year 4 Punctuation

  • Using commas after fronted adverbials
  • Indicating possession by using the possessive apostrophe with singular and plural nouns
  • Using and punctuating direct speech (including punctuation within and surrounding inverted commas)

Year 4 Grammatical Terminology

  • Determiner
  • Pronoun
  • Possessive pronoun
  • Adverbial  

Year 5 Vocabulary

  • Use a thesaurus
  • Using expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely
  • Using modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility

Year 5 Grammar

  • Using the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
  • Using relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (i.e. omitted) relative pronoun
  • Converting nouns or adjectives into verbs
  • Verb prefixes
  • Devices to build cohesion, including adverbials of time, place and number

Year 5 Punctuation

  • Using commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing
  • Using brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis

Year 5 Grammatical Terminology

  • Modal verb
  • Relative pronoun
  • Relative clause
  • Parenthesis
  • Bracket
  • Dash
  • Cohesion
  • Ambiguity

Year 6 Vocabulary

  • Use a thesaurus
  • Using expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely
  • Using modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility

Year 6 Grammar

  • Recognising vocabulary and structures that are appropriate for formal speech and writing, including subjunctive forms
  • Using passive verbs to affect the presentation of information in a sentence
  • Using the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
  • Differences in informal and formal language
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Further cohesive devices such as grammatical connections and adverbials
  • Use of ellipses

Year 6 Punctuation

  • Using hyphens to avoid ambiguity
  • Using semicolons, colons or dashes to mark boundaries between independent clauses
  • Using a colon to introduce a list
  • Punctuating bullet points consistently

Year 6 Grammatical Terminology

  • Subject
  • Object
  • Active
  • Passive
  • Synonym
  • Antonym
  • Ellipses
  • Hyphen
  • Colon
  • Semi-colon
  • Bullet points